Rapid agricultural growth continues to be the key to poverty alleviation and overall economic development. Agriculture accounts for about one-fourth of the Gross Domestic Product and is the source of livelihood for nearly two-thirds of the
population. Food grain production more than quadrupled since the early 1950s from 51 million tons to over 209 million tons in 2003,
while population nearly tripled from 350 million to one billion during the same period. In Rajasthan half of its geographical area (342.58 lakh ha) is cultivated with a production of around 100 lakh tonnes of cereals etc.